Friday, 24 August 2012

Pre-School Basic Development Skills

Your child's skills and abilities learnt in childhood will be his most valuable asset throughout his life. Skills and behaviors are are the things you can improve in your children by practicing. Every day, students are learning and practicing various skills while increasing their knowledge in the subjects they study. Abilities are closely associated with the skills – they are natural talents. We perceive   singing as ability, because a few people who today are famous singers are born with good voices; and typing as a skill, because it can be learned. Some of the skills, nevertheless, are really learnt and are well developed (practiced) talents.
In the following paragraphs we will discuss about the various skills that children should learn in their initial years, especially before going school.
Motor skill is the coordination of small muscle movements which take place in body parts such as the fingers in coordination with the eyes.
Motor skills development in preschool years includes fundamental motor training, fitness and sport skill training. Training for preschool children should be designed while keeping their abilities in mind. Fundamental motor skills comprises:
  • Locomotor skills — crawling, jumping and galloping;
  • Stability skills — turning, twist and bending;
  • Manipulative — as throwing, catching and dribbling.

Fitness comprises cardiopulmonary function, endurance, strengthening muscles, bones and body portion. Children should have adequate fitness for building and developing motor and sport skills.

Sport skills comprises:
  •  Utilizing preschool sport equipment such as plastic ball and climbing net,
  • Simple movement concept, such as, performing fast and slow movement as required in sport games, simple rhythmic dance movements,
  • Ability to join group sport games, such as, throw and catch ball with partner, playing football with fellow kids.
Cognitive Skills
Cognitive skills relate to the abilities to gain meaning and knowledge from experience and information. Cognitive skills are crucial for the overall development of a child. Various aspects like language learning, usage, thought process, memory development etc. come under its preview.
Early Literacy Skills
Children prepare to read and learn long before they enter school - early literacy is everything children know about reading and writing before they can actually read and write.
Early language and literacy (reading and writing) development begins in the first three years of life and is closely linked to a child's earliest experiences with books and stories. The interactions that young children have with such literacy materials as books, paper, and crayons, and with the adults in their lives are the building blocks for language, reading and writing development.

Looking at early literacy development as a dynamic developmental process, we can see the connection (and meaning) between an infant mouthing a book, the book handling behavior of a two year old, and the page turning of a five year old. We can see that the first three years of exploring and playing with books, singing nursery rhymes, listening to stories, recognizing words, and scribbling are truly the building blocks for language and literacy development.

Having good imagination skills can make all the difference to life, especially in childhood. For children, it can help them with various areas of learning, such as imagining characters when they’re reading or creating stories, to livening up their experience of play.
Preschool children have very vivid imaginations. Their world is full of magic, fairies, witches and superheroes. Further, Stories and cartoons can seem very real to them.
Preschool children love to create things themselves. Any opportunity to draw, paint, paste, sing or dance is met with great interest. It doesn’t matter that, if 3 year old children does not have the proper coordination or hand control to handle more things than a scribbling or splashing paint on paper.
At the age of 4, a child can use a pencil or crayon more confidently and can draw and fill color in a figure with a body, head, arms and legs. These creative potential might grow with the beginning of kindergarten. At this age, your child is likely to remain less into the imaginary world and show interest in knowing more about the real world. So, children enjoy pretend play like, dressing up as a grown-up, being mother or father, a doctor or an explorer, and trying out roles to help make sense of the real world.
This list of skills is not exhaustive still there are many skills which are essential for children which we will be discussing in our next articles. We would love to hear your responses on this topic. Please feel free to share your thoughts with us.

5 comments:

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  5. Pre-school is a place where your kid grows mentally and physically as well.Your kid start learning new things from here only so that your kid can compete with other kids.

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